HOMInG WP 9_2020
This HOMInG Working Paper presents the main directions of research in Romania as regards the migration of Romanian citizens and their remittance houses. It provides an overview on ‘pride houses’ and ‘Gypsy palaces’, two types of remittance buildings that gained attention in the public opinion. Both are attractions – ‘touristic’ and ‘professional’ ones. However, this bias towards the visible, exotic, or conspicuous might obscure some underlying processes of residential transformation due to migration and remittances. After (1) a short overview of the houses built by the ethnic Romanian returnees in particular areas of Romania, the Working paper presents (2) the literature on Gypsy palaces and their interpretation by the majority and their owners. It continues with (3) a brief overview of the literature of residential patterns of the Roma community and ends with (4) an outline of the broader effects of migration and return on the architecture and residential patterns of Roma settlements. Finally, a selected bibliography is presented along thematic lines, following the main sections of the text.
HOMInG WP 8_2020
Peoples’ views, emotions and practices of home may concern not only the domestic space but also neighborhoods or some specific places inside them. Gurdwaras can be interpreted as semi-public spaces whereby an ethnic-religious minority – the Sikhs – try to enact a spatial, social and political appropriation over the local urban environment, hence to recreate a sense of home in it. This process can be referred to as ‘domestication’, as a multidirectional and multidimensional progression through which a highly diverse community tries to control, modify and possibly render the external environment homely, in a number of respects: spatial, political, social and cultural ones. As they do so, they are simultaneously conditioned by it. In this process, gurdwaras play a crucial role. Starting from this insight, I present a typology of Sikh gurdwaras and explore the concept of domestication, based on a case study in Southall, West London.
HOMInG WP 7_2020
Stefania Yapo and Paolo Boccagni
A wide literature exists on the genealogy and the conceptual career of home in social sciences, and beyond. The same does not hold for its derivative term homing, though. Despite its circulation in a diverse and multidisciplinary literature over time, no systematization has been done yet of the conceptual, disciplinary and temporal patterns in the usage of homing. This is not irrelevant, since this notion has some circulation in a variety of disciplines. This paper is based on a dedicated and preliminary exploration through two academic databases, with a view to retrieving the main ways to use homing and its associations with specific concepts in different disciplines from 1885 to 2019. This called for a bridging act between natural sciences, where the bulk of the usages of homing lies, and selected sub-areas in social sciences. As a result, a new conceptual map is proposed on the predominant understandings of homing, each of them producing its own insights on home and mobilities.
HOMInG WP 6_2019
Paolo Boccagni and Willem Duyvendak
This working paper investigates homemaking and home-related feelings and claims at the roots of majority-minority relations in the public urban domain. Who is entitled and legitimated to claim a public space as “home” under circumstances of deep and multifaceted diversity? What does this imply for inter-group relations and categorizations? Such questions call for original and comparative analysis across ethnic, urban and housing studies. While the notion of home has traditionally been understood as a private and domestic matter, it also has a major public significance – it “scales up”, as a matter of (public) space-related emotions, practices, and claims. In this perspective, home works out as a discursive and emotional resource for contentious politics around several divides, including (but not limited to) the one between natives, or long-term residents, and immigrants and their descendants. Several forms of domestication of the public sphere, of mutual interaction between the public and private life realm, and of claims-making between groups can be fruitfully revisited along these lines. A research agenda on the ways of framing, feeling and claiming public space as home is advanced accordingly.
HOMInG WP 5_2019
The literature on forced migration, particularly to Europe, has exponentially grown in the past few years. Indeed following the so called 2015 European “refugee crisis”, issues of refugees and asylum politics have been met with renewed interest, in scholarly as well as in public debate. Yet, it is important to underline that forced migration in Europe and beyond, far from being something radically new, stands out as an entrenched social reality embedded in specific historical and political contexts. Those continuities have been addressed by a number of research studies, which started exploring refugees’ lived experiences much before the mediatized beginning of the European “refugee crisis”.
Within this extensive research field this selective bibliography – based on the relevance of the literature to the HOASI research project – is concerned with the counter-intuitive linkages between homemaking and forced migration. It thus covers a number of studies broadly engaged with lived experiences of (often) temporary accommodation of refugees, being that a refugee camp, an institutional reception center, a squat, etc. Its aim is to be a useful – although certainly incomplete – tool for those interested in forced displacement and belonging, as well as in the relationships between homemaking, humanitarianism and processes of government. References are organised along key categories, which will hopefully help the reader to orient himself within this multi-faceted and evolving field of research. As Italy is the setting of the HOASI research project, this annotated list of sources is specifically concerned with the Italian and European context. Yet, a number of non-European studies are also included, as they were
considered particularly relevant for their theoretical and analytical framework. At the end of the paper we also added a selection of documentaries and videos, which portray refugees’ dwelling experiences in a plurality of contexts.
HOMInG WP 4_2018
As transnational migrants settle in a new country, they transplant and naturalize cultural objects, performances and categories, not simply because this is their tradition or culture, but because as active agents they have a stake in particular aspects of their culture. ‘Culture’ as a medium of social interaction confers agency within a field of sociality and power relations. Against the essentialist critique of community and culture, this essay suggests that in conferring agency, the performance of culture creates a field of transaction and relatedness; second, that culture as performance, in being embodied, contains inescapable experiential force; and finally, that culture as a discursive imaginary of selfhood, identity, subjectivity, and moral virtue constitutes a field of power. The domestic rituals that immigrants celebrate in distant and alien places are thus usually elaborated with cultural images and objects derived from their homelands. This transfer of images from one cultural context to another is an evident feature of the migration process. It enables migrants to sacralise their new homes through events that involve nurture and sociability within the home and which bring together newly emergent circles of trust forged in the migration context: kin, friends, and neighbours. The present essay discusses such rituals comparatively across different migrant groups settled in different countries.
HOMInG WP 3_2018
Sara Bonfanti, Aurora Massa, Alejandro Miranda
It is widely recognised in contemporary social scholarship that knowledge is produced and shaped by the researchers’ specific social positions, and the way these interlace with the positions held by research participants. While conducting ethnography inside (and beyond) domestic environments makes this evident, it also challenges the ethnographers’ assumptions because of their constantly shifting positions while examining homemaking in the context of extended mobility. This paper reflects on the positionality of three social science researchers collaborating in a common project while conducting fieldwork on homemaking and migration in different locations with different reference groups. Emerging issues of insider/outsiderness, gender and racialised bodies, and class and education are exemplified with three ethnographic vignettes. We use these cases to suggest that the analysis of our positionalities as ‘guests’ inside and beyond our informants’ domestic environments offers the possibility of more nuanced and critical forms of knowledge, and allows us to make decisions based on such understandings while still conducting fieldwork.
HOMInG Working paper no. 2_2018
Paolo Boccagni, Sara Bonfanti, Alejandro Miranda, Aurora Massa
Home and Migration: a Bibliography
The literature on homemaking and migration covers a vast array of disciplines, case studies, and substantive/methodological approaches. While being almost overwhelming by now, it also tends to be disperse and parcelized. There are several instances of mutually relevant works (or even authors) that are not in contact with each other. Part of the “nexus” to which HOMInG refers has to do with the aim of overcoming this fragmentation. Our WP 2_2018 provides a map of this burgeoning research field by key categories, thus paralleling the theory-building work of the HOMInG team; and hopefully providing a good tool for those who are researching, worldwide, the social experience of home under the influence of migration, mobility and diversity. Unsurprisingly, almost all of the references below are in English, apart from some specific references in Italian (Italy being HOMInG’s home-place at present). Monographs (or even edited collections or special issues) are relatively few, compared with journal articles. It also comes as no surprise that key references can be found all across social sciences, and beyond.
While being reasonably extensive, this Bibliography is clearly selective – based on the relevance of the literature to HOMInG as a project – and exposed to the risk of missing important references along the way. Yet, scanning through it can give some refreshing insight for thinking, writing, or designing fieldwork. Indeed, we see it as a worthwhile effort, if only for the lack of any comparable overview on the intersection of migration and home studies. Of course, this is a higly temporary product – the snapshot of a constantly moving and expanding field. Therefore, it will be periodically updated. All suggestions for new and relevant literature are welcome at email@example.com.
HOMInG Working paper no. 1/2017
“Saving home from the pitfalls of the home, through homing. Towards a ‘positive deconstruction’ of the social meanings, functions and moralities of home”
The home holds an inclusive and supportive potential for vulnerable people which is both critical and under-explored. In order to advance research into it, this paper interrogates the material, relational and emotional conditions under which a particular domestic space is indeed a source of feeling-at-home for its dwellers. Such an exercise starts from a deconstruction of the ideological representations of the home as a necessarily and naturally “good” entity which, as such, should not be discussed, let alone researched, further. This commonsensical view touches deep chords and emotional needs in people’s everyday life. Nonetheless, much critical literature has led to more reflexive and nuanced views of what home means to whom, inviting to study the protective and inclusionary scope of the home as an empirical question, rather than (only) a normative ideal. While the human need to feel somehow at home seems to apply anywhere, regardless of social or cultural backgrounds, whether and how a domestic setting does overlap with home – as a distinctive source of security, familiarity and control – is a major research and policy issue. By revisiting the transdisciplinary debate on “home studies”, and based on my current research on home and mobility, this paper argues for a novel understanding of the environmental, family and personal variables which can turn a dwelling into a home; a complex, but critical transition for an empirically-based view of home to inform health and social care.